Port Moresby, or Moresby for short, is the country's main air and sea gateway. It was named for Admiral Sir Fairfax Moresby by his son, Captain John Moresby, who mapped the southern coastline in 1873. Later, Moresby became the capital of British New Guinea and in 1975 the administrative capital of the newly independent country of Papua New Guinea. The city is a fascinating blend of the old and the new. While the National Parliament building exemplifies the striking harmony of modern architecture and traditional design, the exhibits at the National Museum and Art Gallery illustrate the cultural features of PNG's complex tribal lifestyles. You will notice a pleasant informality about the locals' dress; both casual and traditional garb are worn, with the emphasis on lightweight cotton clothing for comfort in the hot and humid climate. Caution: Guests are advised not to carry valuables with them ashore or wear expensive watches or jewelry.